The Muslim Belief In God
(In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)
Our creed is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His
Books, His Messengers, the Day of Judgment, and Fate whether good or bad.
Belief in Allah's Lordship, Oneness, and
We believe in Allah's divinity; that is he is the Lord, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the Manager of
We believe in Allah's god ship; that is, He is the true God and every other so-called deity is false.
We believe in His names and attributes, that is He has the most magnificent names and the sublime perfect attributes.
We believe in His oneness in all of this, that is, He has no associate in His divinity, His God ship, His names, or
His attributes. Allah says in the Qur'an:
"He is the Lord of the heavens and the Earth and all that is in between
them, so worship Him and be patient in His worship; do you know any equal to Him?" (19:65).
We believe that He is
"Allah there is no God but He, the Living, the Everlasting. Slumber does not seize Him, neither sleep; to Him
belongs all that is in the heavens and the Earth. Who is there that shall intercede with Him except by His permission? He
knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not encompass anything of His knowledge except what He wills.
His throne extends over the heavens and the Earth, the preservation of them does not burden Him; He is the High, the Great"
We believe that
"He is Allah, there is no god but He, the Knower of the Unseen and the Visible.
He is the Most Gracious, Most Merciful. He is Allah, there is no God but He, the King, the Holy One, the Source of Peace,
the Keeper of Faith, the Guardian, the Almighty, the Subduer, the Sublime. Glory be to Allah above what they associate with
Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker, the Shaper. His are the most beautiful Names. All that is in the heavens and the
Earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the Wise" (59:22-4)
We believe that to Him belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens
and the Earth:
"He creates what He pleases. He gives, to whom He wills, females, and He gives, to whom He wills,
males, or He couples them, males and females; and He makes whom He wills barren. Surely, He is the Knowing, the Powerful"
We believe that
"there is nothing whatever like unto Him, He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
To Him belongs the keys of the Heavens and the Earth. He enlarges and restricts provisions to whom He wills. Surely He has
knowledge of everything" (42:11-12).
We believe that
"there is no creature that moves on the Earth but
its provision depends on Allah. He knows its dwelling and its resting place. All is recorded in a clear book" (11:6).
"with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them but He. He knows what is in land and sea; not
a leaf falls, but He knows it. Not a grain in the deep darkness of the Earth, not a thing green or dry but it is in a clear
Book" (6 :5 9 ).
We believe that
"Allah alone has the knowledge of the Hour, sends down rain, and knows
what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it shall earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it shall die. Surely, Allah
is All-knowing, All-aware" (31:34).
We believe that Allah speaks whatever He pleases whenever He pleases:
Allah spoke to Moses directly" (4:164); "And when Moses came at Our appointed place, and his Lord spoke to him" (7:143 );
"We called to him from the right side of the Mount (Sinai), and We brought him near in communion" (19:52).
"if the ocean became ink for the words of my Lord, the ocean would be finished before the words of my Lord
came to an end" (18:109);
He gives sovereignty to whom He pleases and takes away sovereignty from whom He pleases;
He exalts whom He wills and He abases whom He wills. In His hand is all good and He is powerful over everything. Whoever possesses
these qualities is literally with His creatures even if He is literally above them on His throne.
"There is nothing
whatsoever like unto Him; He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing" (42: 11).
We do not say, as do the Incarnationists
among the Jahomites and others, that Allah is living with His creatures on Earth. We consider whoever says this a non-believer
or one who has strayed, for he attributed to Allah that which does not become Him of defects.
We believe in what His
Messenger told us, that He descends to the near sky before the last third of every night and says: "Who prays to Me and I
will answer his prayers? Who asks Me and I will give him? Who asks My forgiveness and I will forgive him?" (Bukhari and Muslim).
We believe that He will come on the Day of Judgment to judge among His people because He said:
indeed! When the Earth is crushed to powder, and your Lord comes down with the angels in rows after rows, and Hell is brought
out that day. On that day man will remember, but what will remembrance avail him?" (89:21-23).
We believe that His
universal and legal wills are part of His wisdom. Every thing He performs in the universe or requires legally from His creatures
is for a good reason and according to His wisdom, whether we grasp it or not:
"Is not Allah the best of Judges?"
"And who is better than Allah in judgment for a people who have firm faith" (5:50).
that Allah loves His select servants and that they love Him:
"Say if you love Allah, follow me and Allah will
love you" (3:31);
"Allah will bring a people whom He will love and who will love Him" (5:54);
loves the steadfast"(3:146);
"And act justly, surely, Allah loves the just" (49:9);
"Do good; Allah
loves those who do good" (5:93).
We believe that Allah likes what He prescribed of good deeds and sayings and He dislikes
what He prohibited of bad deeds and sayings:
"If you disbelieve, surely Allah does not need you, yet He does not
like disbelief for His servants; if you are thankful, this pleases Him"(39:7);
"But Allah disliked their marching
forth. So He kept them back, and it was said to them: 'Stay with the weaklings"(9: 46).
We believe that Allah is pleased
with those who believe in Him and do good deeds:
"Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with
Him. That is for him who fears his Lord" (98:8).
We believe that Allah is angry with those who deserve His anger among
the non-believers and others:
"And those who think evil thoughts of Allah, against them shall be the evil turn
of fortune. Allah is angry with them" (48:6);
" But whoever opens his heart to disbelief, on them is Allah's wrath
and they shall have a severe punishment" (16:106).
More of Allah's Attributes: We believe that Allah has a glorious
and dignified face:
"There will remain the face of your Lord, majestic and splendid" (55:27).
believe that Allah has two generous hands:
"No, both His hands are wide open; He spends how He pleases" (5:64);
"They do not esteem Allah with the esteem that is due to Him. The whole Earth will be His handful on the Day of
Resurrection, and the Heavens will be rolled up in His right hand. Glory be to Him and exalted is He above that which they
associate with Him" (39:67).
We believe that Allah possesses two real eyes, because He said:
the ark under Our eyes as We reveal" (11:37).
We believe that
"vision cannot perceive Him, but He perceives
all vision. He is the Incomprehensible, the All-aware" (6:103).
We believe that the believers will see their Lord
on the Day of Resurrection:
"Upon that day some faces shall be radiant, gazing upon their Lord" (75:22-3).
believe that Allah has no equal because His Attributes are perfect:
Describing Allah by His Revelation:
believe in all that He assigned to Himself or what His Messenger described Him with, of names and attributes. However, we
reject two concepts: 1) To say or believe that Allah's attributes are similar to those of his creatures; and 2) To say or
believe that Allah's attributes are like such and such.
We negate all what He negated about Himself or what His Messenger
negated about Him. We believe that negation implies the affirmation of its perfect opposite. We do not discuss what He or
His Messenger did not mention about Him.
We believe that following this approach is a must, because what Allah affirmed
or negated concerning Himself is a statement He made about Himself. He knows Himself best. His words are most just and trustful,
and people cannot know everything about Him. What Allah's Messenger affirmed or negated about Him is a statement that he made
about Allah. Besides knowing Allah better than anyone, he is the most truthful, sincere, and eloquent among people. Thus,
in what Allah said and what His Prophet said concerning His names and attributes is the truth, knowledge, and clarification.
Therefore, we have no excuse to reject or even hesitate in accepting it.
THE QUR'AN AND THE SUNNAH
Sources of His Attributes
All that we have
mentioned about Allah's attributes, whether briefly or in detail and affirmatively or negatively, is based on the book of
our Lord (the Qur'an) and the traditions of our Prophet. It also agrees with the practice of the previous generations of Muslims
and the rightly guided scholars who came after them.
We believe it is obligatory to take the texts of the Qur'an and
the prophetic traditions concerning Allah's attributes at their face value and to interpret them in a way that is suitable
to Almighty Allah. We reject the practice of those who twist the meanings of these texts and understand them in a way that
was not intended by Allah and His messenger.
We also reject the practice of those who make them devoid of their meanings
as conveyed by Allah and His Messenger. Finally, we reject the approach of those who exaggerate, who gave them a physical
interpretation that makes Allah similar to some of His creatures.
Free from Contradictions
We know for sure
that what is revealed in Allah's book and in the traditions of His Messenger is the truth. It does not contain any contradiction
"Do they not ponder over the Qur'an? If it had been from other than Allah, surely they would have found in it
a lot of differences" (4: 82).
Contradictions in statements falsify them. It is impossible for there to be a contradiction
in any statement revealed by Allah and said by His Messenger, peace be upon him. Whoever claims that there are contradictions
in the Qur'an, the prophetic traditions, or between the two must have wicked intentions and a misguided heart. He should repent
and quit his sin. If someone imagines that there are some contradictions in the Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet, or between
these two, this must be a result of his little knowledge, inadequate understanding, or lack of deep thinking. Therefore, he
should seek knowledge and do his best to reflect upon matters until the truth is clear to him. If, after all of these efforts,
the truth is not clear to him, he should leave the whole matter to the One who knows it and should quit his imagination. He
should say, as do those who are firmly rooted in knowledge:
"We believe in it, all is from our Lord" (3:7).
must know that there are neither contradictions nor differences in the Qur'an, the Sunnah, or between the two.
pray to Allah, the Exalted, to reward us for this belief, to realize for us its fruits, to increase our blessings, to keep
us on the right path to which He has guided us, and to bestow on us a blessing from Him. He is indeed the Giver. Praise and
gratitude be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be on Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions,
and those who rightly follow them.